The Other Plato: The Tübingen Interpretation of Plato’s by Dmitri Nikulin

By Dmitri Nikulin

Supplying a provocative replacement to the dominant ways of Plato scholarship, the Tübingen college means that the dialogues don't inform the entire tale of Plato’s philosophical teachings. Texts and fragments by means of his scholars and their followers—most famously Aristotle’s Physics—point to an “unwritten doctrine” articulated by means of Plato on the Academy. those unwritten teachings had a extra systematic personality than these provided within the dialogues, which based on this interpretation have been intended to be introductory. The Tübingen university reconstructs a historic, serious, and systematic account of Plato that takes into consideration testimony approximately those teachings in addition to the dialogues themselves. the opposite Plato collects seminal and newer essays via top proponents of this method, delivering a complete evaluate of the Tübingen college for English readers.

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254E), Plato does not speak explicitly about ideal numbers in his dialogues. However, a clear distinction between ideal numbers (εἰδητικοὶ ἀριθμοί) and mathematical numbers (μαθηματικοὶ ἀριθμοί) in Plato is testified by Aristotle (Met. 3, 1090b32–33; De philosophia, fr. 11 Ross, ap. Syrianus, In Met. 33–35). , occupy a middle ontological position, μεταξύ) between the ideal and the physical (cf. Proclus, In Eucl. 1–7). Mathematical entities thus bridge the gap between the spheres of being and becoming by both separating and uniting them within the ontological sequence of the principles; ideal entities (ideas and ideal numbers); intermediate mathematical entities (mathematical numbers and geometrical objects); and physical things.

1, 1087b33; and Aristotle, Politikos, fr. 2 Ross: πάντων γὰρ ἀκριβέστατον μέτρον τἀγαθόν ἐστιν). The one, then, is the universal measure as the middle (μέσον) that balances the extremes of the excess and deficiency of the other principle (cf. Plato, Polit. 284A–285B). ; also in Stenzel, Ross, and Wilpert). In particular, the one is defined as measure in the triple sense of scale, norm, and limit (Krämer 1980, 37). As the universal measure and middle, the one emerges both in practical and in theoretical philosophy.

137C–142B, 142B–157B). If there are two principles in Plato, the one and the many, and the one is the good, then the other of the one—matter, ἀόριστος δυάς or τὸ μέγα καὶ τὸ μικρόν—has to be the cause of evil (κακόν), even if not necessarily evil per se. This conclusion is reflected in Aristotle’s Pythagorean list of the ten opposites, in which the limit matches the one and the good but is opposed to the unlimited, multiple, and evil (Aristotle, Met. 5, 986a 24–26). Speusippus already seemed to have been perplexed by this equating of the many with evil, which he tried to avoid by not identifying the one with the good (Met.

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