The Geography of American Poverty: Is There a Need for by Mark D. Partridge

By Mark D. Partridge

Partridge and Rickman discover the huge geographic disparities in poverty around the usa. Their specialise in the spatial dimensions of U.S. poverty unearths distinctive modifications throughout states, metropolitan components, and counties and leads them to think about why antipoverty rules have succeeded in a few areas and failed in others. This leads them to suggest the specific use of place-based rules as an antipoverty device. They contend that place-based guidelines are had to complement people-based regulations essentially simply because deprived staff are frequently much less more likely to movement to destinations with bright economies; jobs have to be created shut adequate to terrible families that citizens can make the most of these jobs, whether or not they have obtained education or no longer. Partridge and Rickman additionally express that the main economically deprived parts adventure the best discount rates in poverty with the production of recent jobs.

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Yet this group’s average poverty rate increased in large MSA and central-city counties while it decreased slightly in suburban counties. The decrease in 18- to 64-year-old poverty rates in nonmetro counties was greater in counties that were not adjacent to metro areas. Because the 18- to 64-year-old group encompasses the prime working years, the rise in poverty rates in large MSAs is somewhat surprising given the robust labor market of the late 1990s and its labor shortages. One explanation for this unexpected pattern is labor market spillovers from welfare reform depressed wages for low-skilled workers (Bartik 2002a,b), which more than offset the beneits derived from the strong labor market at the end of the 1990s.

The diverse spatial and demographic patterns suggest that poverty eradication efforts need to be tailored to both person and place. This chapter explores in more detail the spatial patterns of poverty, including potentially related spatial differences in the demographic composition of the population, employment growth, and welfare reform. S. Census Bureau’s South region (Region 3). Nine states had poverty rates below 10 percent, and all but Nevada were in the Census Bureau’s Northeast or Midwest regions (Regions 1 and 2).

Spatial Concentration of American Poverty 19 Notes The irst epigraph at the beginning of the chapter comes from Gene Koretz (1992), “Trickle-Down Economics May Not Help the Poor,” in Business Week. ” The third comes from a speech made to the Commonwealth Club of California by Quayle (1992). 1. Whether inequality reduces economic growth is a hotly debated topic among economists. For example, Alesina and Rodrik (1994) and Persson and Tabellini (1994) ind evidence that it reduces growth, while Forbes (2000) and Partridge (1997, 2005) ind the opposite.

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