Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume XII: 1994 by C. C. W. Taylor

By C. C. W. Taylor

This is often the newest quantity of an annual booklet that comes with unique articles--which should be of considerable length--on quite a lot of themes in historical philosophy, and assessment articles of significant books.

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J. J. Henderson, The Maculate Muse: Obscene Language in Attic Comedy2 (Oxford, 1991) 191). 8 Ekkl. 297–8 (contrast 204 and 213 where they use masculine adjectives in praising the speaker). 9 Ekkl. 165. 10 Ekkl. 132–46, 153–5. 11 I will return to this directly. The impression given is that any woman can learn without too much diYculty to speak like a man, and any man to speak like a woman. The diVerences are deWnite but minor. 2 . 13 Over time, too, there seems to have been a tendency for this sexual segregation of oaths to become more complete.

The language of Athenian women 29 [76] Passing now from second- to Wrst-person diVerentiation, the forms of address which are used exclusively or preponderantly by women are principally those involving the adjectives with feminine associations—ôܺÆò, çߺïò, ªºıŒýò—already mentioned. g. åæıóßïí, ðÆØäÜæØïí, ðÆðßäØïí, ªæfi ÜäØïí) are very frequently (41 times in Aristophanes) used in the vocative by men and children as an aVectionate or ingratiating form of address; there is only one [77] Aristophanic instance (Eccl.

39 Of some twenty-Wve such vocative epithets in Menander two are addressed to women, and each time the speaker is a slave (once male, once female) and the addressee a citizen woman (but not the lady of the slave’s own household). * There were no forms of address reserved exclusively for women addressees, except those which were inevitably so reserved by virtue of their meaning, such as ‘woman’ (ªýíÆØ) and ‘old woman’ (ªæÆF). There was a sharp contrast between the latter and its masculine counterparts ªÝæïí and ðæåóâFôÆ ‘old man’, which were respectful forms of address and could be used, for example, by a slave answering the door to a caller of citizen status (Ar.

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