Handbook of Green Chemistry. Green Processes. Volume 9: by Robert Boethling, Adelina Voutchkova-Kostal, Paul T. Anastas

By Robert Boethling, Adelina Voutchkova-Kostal, Paul T. Anastas

The shift in the direction of being as environmentally-friendly as attainable has led to the necessity for this crucial reference regarding designing more secure chemical compounds. Edited by way of the best overseas specialists within the box, Robert Boethling and Adelina Votchkova, this quantity covers such subject matters as toxicity, decreasing risks and biochemical pesticides.

An crucial source for an individual wishing to realize an figuring out of the realm of eco-friendly chemistry, in addition to for chemists, environmental organizations and chemical engineers.

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Handbook of Green Chemistry. Green Processes. Volume 9: Designing Safer Chemicals

The shift in the direction of being as environmentally-friendly as attainable has led to the necessity for this significant reference with regards to designing more secure chemical compounds. Edited via the prime overseas specialists within the box, Robert Boethling and Adelina Votchkova, this quantity covers such themes as toxicity, decreasing risks and biochemical insecticides.

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Extra resources for Handbook of Green Chemistry. Green Processes. Volume 9: Designing Safer Chemicals

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Arch. Intern. , 165, 2331–2336. J. J. (2008) Pharmacogenomic biomarker information in drug labels approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration: prevalence of related drug use. Pharmacotherapy, 28 (8), 992–998. htm (last accessed 12 September 2011). References 10 Marrer, E. and Dieterle, F. (2007) 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Promises of biomarkers in drug development: a reality check. Chem. Biol. , 69, 381–394. Albert, A. , New York. A. , New York. L. (1955) Organic Insecticides.

Occurrences such as this play on the human psyche: not only does the chemical itself become black-listed, but the misnomer that any other chemical (analogs, congeners) that resembles the original chemical might also be harmful soon evolves, despite empirical evidence that demonstrates otherwise. Any and all chemicals belonging to the same chemical class as the original chemical become stigmatized as being dangerous. Once this mind-set sinks in, it becomes much more difficult for the senior corporate management of industrial manufacturing firms to convince their stockholders and customers and the regulatory authorities that a safer analog to the original problematic chemical exists.

Considerably safer and efficacious congeners of each have been identified, yet their acceptance in the marketplace as viable alternatives to their toxic counterparts has been difficult to nil. The other general type of safer chemical is one that causes a less significant and more tolerable undesired effect compared with the original chemical. This type of safer chemical is typically structurally unrelated to the original chemical. Both chemicals, however, have similar commercial utility. 2). , barnacles) on submerged structures such as the hulls of ships, commonly referred to as fouling, can cause increased hydrodynamic drag.

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