Fundamentals of Atmospheric Radiation: An Introduction with by Craig F. Bohren, Eugene E. Clothiaux
By Craig F. Bohren, Eugene E. Clothiaux
Assembly the necessity for instructing fabric appropriate for college kids of atmospheric technological know-how and classes on atmospheric radiation, this textbook covers the basics of emission, absorption, and scattering of electromagnetic radiation from ultraviolet to infrared and past. a lot of the contents applies to planetary surroundings, with graded discussions offering a radical remedy of matters, together with unmarried scattering through debris at assorted degrees of complexity. The dialogue of the easy a number of scattering conception introduces strategies in additional complicated theories, such that the extra complex two-stream thought permits readers to development past the pile-of-plates theory.
The authors are physicists instructing on the biggest meteorology division within the US at Penn nation. the issues given within the textual content come from scholars, colleagues, and correspondents, and the figures designed specifically for this booklet facilitate comprehension.
perfect for complex undergraduate and graduate scholars of atmospheric science.
?Free ideas handbook to be had for academics at email@example.comContent:
Chapter 1 Emission: The delivery of Photons (pages 1–49):
Chapter 2 Absorption: The loss of life of Photons (pages 51–124):
Chapter three Scattering: The lifetime of Photons (pages 125–184):
Chapter four Radiometry and Photometry: What you Get and What you spot (pages 185–239):
Chapter five a number of Scattering: undemanding (pages 241–289):
Chapter 6 a number of Scattering: complicated (pages 291–343):
Chapter 7 Polarization: The Hidden Variable (pages 345–395):
Chapter eight Meteorological Optics: The gift (pages 397–461):
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Additional info for Fundamentals of Atmospheric Radiation: An Introduction with 400 Problems
4 Brightness and Color Temperature Suppose we have an instrument that can measure radiant power over some range of frequencies anywhere in the electromagnetic spectrum. For simplicity we assume a narrow field of view for the instrument, but this is not necessary. If we were to point the instrument in a particular direction at a source of radiation, which could, but need not, be a measurably emitting body, the instrument would dutifully measure a radiant power. Now we can ask, What temperature must a blackbody have in order for the instrument reading to be the same?
Of course they do. Any fool can see that clouds are bright. And so they may be – at visible wavelengths, which is all that any fool can see. But because we cannot see the kind of radiation emitted by the ground at typical temperatures, we are on thin ice extrapolating from visible to infrared wavelengths. Metals (clean) such as silver and aluminum are highly reflecting at visible wavelengths. As it happens, these metals are just as highly reflecting at infrared, microwave, and even radio wavelengths.
13, p. 221. Derivations of the Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution, Eq. 8), are given in treatises on the kinetic theory of gases such as Earle H. Kennard, 1938: Kinetic Theory of Gases, McGrawHill, Ch. II; Leonard B. Loeb, 1961: The Kinetic Theory of Gases, Dover, Ch. IV; and Sir James Jeans, 1982: An Introduction to the Kinetic Theory of Gases, Ch. IV. Loeb (pp. 130–8) and Jeans (pp. 124–30) discuss some of the early experimental verifications of this distribution. Deriving it by detailed consideration of molecular energy exchanges by collisions is References and Suggestions for Further Reading 39 not trivial, but plausible arguments (not a rigorous derivation) for the distribution of molecular speeds (from which follows that for energies) is given by Craig F.