Experimental Psychology Its Scope and Method: Volume V by Joseph Nuttin
By Joseph Nuttin
First released in English in 1968, Joseph Nuttin contributes the 1st bankruptcy, on Motivation. He discusses a number of points of the motivational approach. equivalent to incentives, clash, social motivation, and unfavorable motivation, and describes the mechanism of the method. the second one bankruptcy, by way of Paul Fraisse, is at the feelings. Fraisse examines the character of the sentiments, either at the behavioural and at the neurophysiological degrees, and is going directly to outline and talk about relocating occasions. He indicates the differing kinds of expression an emotional response could take, and discusses the motives of hyper-emotionality.
Richard Meili writes at the constitution of the character, displaying the significance of the assumption of trait within the psychology of character. He describes using the factorial technique within the research of character, and provides an account of the beginnings of character, in addition to different components, often called situations, of the entire association of personality.
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Extra resources for Experimental Psychology Its Scope and Method: Volume V
It should, however,be noted that the degrees 24 Motivation of generalityand consistencyof resultsin this field are not always very high. nd even between0'04 and 0'44 (Gould, 1939)· H) Miscellaneous applications. The level of aspiration has been studied in relation to children's age (Anderson, 1940; Gottschaldt, 1958), to group performances (Hertzman and Festinger, 1940; Shelley, 1954; Nuttin, 1962), to the need for achievementand risk-taking behaviour (Atkinson, 1957, 1958), etc. It is especiallyinterestingto observethat different categories of pathologically disturbed and anxious people show great variability in their aspiration levels.
Then follows a list of statementsof fact including amongstthem the solutionsto the questionsin thefirst questionnaire; then the subjectsreceivea final list repeatingthe problems of thefirst questionnairebut this time phrasedin sucha way that 35 JosephNuttin they must completethe sentencewith the aid of what they can rememberof the precedinglist (statementsof fact). A control group (samenumberand type of subjects)was not given the first list of questionsor requiredto carry out the operationsconnected with it.
It is probably a question of receptivity sui generis which forms the basisof a primary socialneedin man. None of this excludesthe importanceof the learning element in the developmentand frequency of the smile (see Bowlby, 1957, and Brackbill's doctoral thesis cited by Bowlby). g. Klineberg, 1957, pp. 84-228; G. Murphy, 1954). The systematicobservationsof cultural anthropologistslaid particularstresson the flexibility and adaptability of human behaviour (Mead, 1928), whilst more searchingmethodshave recentlyshown, sometimesin concealed form, the existenceof needsat first thought to be lacking (du 48 Motivation Bois, 1944; G.