ESSENTIALS OF METEOROLOGY by C. Donald Ahrens
By C. Donald Ahrens
This up to date and improved 7th version of necessities OF METEOROLOGY is written through the main broadly learn and authoritative writer in introductory meteorology-Donald Ahrens. Ahrens's skill to give an explanation for fairly advanced rules in a student-friendly, attainable type permits even non-science scholars to imagine the foundations of meteorology. The text's transparent and alluring narrative is supplemented by way of quite a few pedagogical positive aspects that inspire gazing, calculating, and synthesizing info. New severe pondering questions associated with key figures and thought animation bins element to on-line animations and appendices permitting scholars to right away observe the textual content fabric to the area round them--and comprehend the underlying meteorological ideas.
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17, p. 45). Nights are long and days are short. 3 that daylight decreases from 12 hours at the equator to 0 (zero) at latitudes above 661⁄2°N. This is the shortest day of the year, called the winter solstice—the astronomical beginning of winter in the northern world. On this day, the sun shines directly above latitude 231⁄2°S (Tropic of Capricorn). In the northern half of the world, the sun is at its lowest position in the noon sky. Its rays pass through a thick section of atmosphere and spread over a large area on the surface.
From the sun as it will be all year (see Fig. 17, p. 45). Nights are long and days are short. 3 that daylight decreases from 12 hours at the equator to 0 (zero) at latitudes above 661⁄2°N. This is the shortest day of the year, called the winter solstice—the astronomical beginning of winter in the northern world. On this day, the sun shines directly above latitude 231⁄2°S (Tropic of Capricorn). In the northern half of the world, the sun is at its lowest position in the noon sky. Its rays pass through a thick section of atmosphere and spread over a large area on the surface.
If an object radiates more energy than it absorbs, it becomes colder; if it absorbs more energy than it emits, it becomes warmer. On a sunny day, the earth’s surface warms by absorbing more energy from the sun and the atmosphere than it radiates, whereas at night the earth cools by radiating more energy than it absorbs from its surroundings. When an object emits and absorbs energy at equal rates, its temperature remains constant. The rate at which something radiates and absorbs energy depends strongly on its surface characteristics, such as color, texture, and moisture, as well as tempera- Balancing Act—Absorption, Emission, and Equilibrium ture.