Environmental Adaptation and Eco-cultural Habitats: A by Johannes Schubert

By Johannes Schubert

In this not easy and hugely unique e-book, the writer tackles the dynamic relationships among actual nature and societies over the years. it really is argued that inside of each one eco-cultural habitat, the connection among actual nature and society is mediated via particular entanglements among applied sciences, associations, and cultural values. those habitat-specific entanglements are neither ecologically nor culturally predetermined, yet outcome from mutual variation in response to version (trial and mistake) and choice. it truly is proven how quite a few eco-cultural habitats evolves from this coevolutionary strategy. The publication explores how those kinds come into being and the way their particular features impact the means to deal with environmental or social difficulties corresponding to flooding or unemployment.

There are case reports illustrating the potential for a coevolutionary realizing of the society-nature nexus. within the first, rural and concrete payment buildings are conceptualized as certain paths of eco-cultural version. it truly is proven that every of those paths is characterised by way of predictable spatial correspondences among residing applied sciences, modes of social copy, cultural personal tastes, and similar styles in strength intake (i.e. social metabolism). the second one case research bargains with flood defense in liberal and coordinated eco, welfare, and construction regimes, drawing on classes from the Netherlands and typhoon Katrina in New Orleans. As a contribution to conception in environmental sociology, the coevolutionary point of view constructed offers deeper insights into the difficult interaction among actual and social nature.

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Extra info for Environmental Adaptation and Eco-cultural Habitats: A coevolutionary approach to society and nature

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The American Economic Review, 91(2), 73–78. , & Henrich, J. (2007). Why humans cooperate: A cultural and evolutionary explanation.  Press.  M. (2004). Darwinism, causality and the social sciences. Journal of Economic Methodology, 11(2), 175–194. (2010). Darwinian coevolution of organizations and the environment. Special Section: Coevolutionary Ecological Economics: Theory and Applications, 69(4), 700–706. Introduction 17 Kallis, G. (2007). When is it coevolution? Ecological Economics, 62(1), 1–6.

In M. Redclift & G. ), The International Handbook of Environmental Sociology (pp. 158–168). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. Norgaard, R. , & Kallis, G. (2011). Coevolutionary contradictions: prospect for a research programme on social and environmental change. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, 93(4), 289–300. North, D. C. (1990). Institutions, institutional change, and economic performance.  Press. Olson, M. (1965). The logic of collective action; public goods and the theory of groups.  Press.

1, land regimes can thus be described as adaptational strategies which deterministically result from physical nature and the occurrence of cooperative disadvantages which – in turn – entail functionally appropriate technologies and institutional and cultural superstructures. With this, the specific properties of a given land regime heavily depend on the question of whether functional advantages can be derived from cooperation, for example, in the form of higher productivity due to specialization and division of labor, economies of scale, allometry, or the sharing of risks (for further reading see Abel 1967, Dahlman 1980, Ellickson 1991, and Schulze 2007).

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