Energy Resources: Occurrence, Production, Conversion, Use by Wendell H. Wiser
By Wendell H. Wiser
This publication is directed essentially towards forms of readers. First, it's meant to be used as a textbook for college students in a liberal schooling direction in technology for non-science and non-engineering majors in collage or univer sity. The technical point of presentation assumes no history in chemis attempt or physics at the a part of the reader, and no technological know-how necessities or past education are of shock. whilst, basic equations of chemistry and physics are incorporated, quite when it comes to interconver sion of strength assets and usage, for the advantage of the coed with a greater than passing curiosity in technology who can examine a lot approximately those features of chemistry from equations awarded within the publication. moment, and thought of to be of significant hindrance and value, it truly is meant to be used as a reference ebook for lecturers of technology within the excessive colleges and junior excessive colleges. end result of the value of power within the everyday life of the typical citizen, a necessity is mostly felt via the trainer at these degrees to debate numerous points of power in lifestyle. besides the fact that, usually a resource containing legitimate info isn't to be had to the instructor. within the absence of a legitimate textual content, the trainer frequently inns to info present in the press-information that's infrequently actual. the knowledge awarded during this e-book is soundly established in technological know-how, and commonly the knowledge awarded are updated as of the date of this writing.
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Additional info for Energy Resources: Occurrence, Production, Conversion, Use
Further, inasmuch as the transformation occurred in a seawater environment, petroleum is often found under the ocean floor. Although petroleum is believed to have been formed in an ocean or sea environment, it is frequently found in other environments. The geological history of the earth reveals periods of abrupt upheavals after which ocean or sea floors became dry land. There have been slow but large-scale movements in the earth's crust such that regions that were marine areas during petroleum formation may now be dry land.
3, and the amounts reported for world production of petroleum. It is discussed in Chapter 3 that, in addition to petroleum taken from formations where most of the product is liquid at atmospheric conditions, formations commonly identified as natural gas formations also produce significant quantities of liquids, known in the industry as natural gas liquids. 3 include those natural gas liquids. S. =Confederation ofIndependent States Related data are found in the Oil & Gas Journa~ February 24, 1997, p.
By adhering to these definitions, quantities assigned to the various energy resources become meaningful; otherwise, they are without meaning. FORMATION OF PETROLEUM A few concepts are generally understood and accepted concerning how petroleum may have been formed. The essential raw materials were marine life, both plant and animal, and a marine environment, particularly a seawa- W. H. Wiser, Energy Resources © Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 2000 22 ENERGY RESOURCES ter environment. The plant and animal residues were laid down and covered by sediments over long periods of time.