Ecuadorians in Madrid: Migrants’ Place in Urban History by Araceli Masterson-Algar

By Araceli Masterson-Algar

In the last decade among 1998-2008, Spain turned the most vacation spot for Ecuadorian migrants, and Madrid, Spain's capital, grew to become the town with the biggest Ecuadorian inhabitants outdoors of Ecuador. via a mix of ethnographic study and cultural research, this publication addresses the interconnections among spatial practices, cultural construction, and definitions of citizenship in migration dynamics among Ecuador and Spain, exhibiting how Ecuadorians are key actors in Madrid's fresh city historical past. the town as shape and content material, constitutive and constituting of ideological approaches, each one bankruptcy analyzes the spatial practices of Madrid's Ecuadorian citizens via a variety of types: the physique, the house, public and rest areas, the town, the country, and transnational circuits. instead of addressing migrants as a common human variety marked by means of (dis)placement, each one bankruptcy bargains a demonstration of ways Ecuadorian migrants forge transnational methods via their daily lives in particular time and position, and the way those approaches appear culturally on either side of the Atlantic.

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Ecuadorians headed the list, making up over 40 percent of the total (“Hay seis veces”). ” These second generation Ecuadorians were becoming associated with school dropouts and transnational gang activity within a context of continued reservations and animosity toward the place of migrant residents in the city, particularly following the first signs of the economic downturn. Overall, Ecuadorians’ significant presence in such a short period of time caused contradictory reactions, notably framed in accusations of “overuse” of parks and public spaces.

On October 14, 2008, Alberto Ruiz Gallardón, mayor of Madrid, and Paco Moncayo, mayor of Quito, met in Madrid to discuss “El papel de las urbes y de los gobiernos locales en el Siglo XXI” [the role of urban centers in the local governments of the twenty-first Century]. With yearly budgets of 6,000 million vs. 24 Two clear responses to this shared position are Quito’s Plan Distrital de Movilidad Humana (2008) and Madrid’s Plan Estrat é gico de Ciudadan í a e Integraci ón 2007–2010 (2007), both of which articulate the rights of the national constitutions of Ecuador and Spain respectively with the position of each metropolis vis- à-vis global human mobility and definitions of citizenship.

Like Paris in 1867, Madrid was becoming a center of commodity circulation, technological innovation, and social progress. However, unlike Paris, Madrid did not have a solid local bourgeoisie, nor did it have the necessary industrial infrastructure to consolidate a proletariat. The “modernization” of Madrid and the city’s response to the dynamics of global capital challenges generalizations aligned with developmental models. This is precisely the argument put forth by Mario Ort í, Rafael 42 ● Ecuadorians in Madrid Ibáñez, and Daniel Albarrac í n, who create a comprehensive frame from which to understand the urban processes in the city vis- à-vis changing patterns of consumption and capital.

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