Dyes and Pigments by Ahmet Gürses, Metin Açıkyıldız, Kübra Güneş, M. Sadi Gürses
By Ahmet Gürses, Metin Açıkyıldız, Kübra Güneş, M. Sadi Gürses (auth.)
In this booklet the authors return to fundamentals to explain the structural transformations among dyes and pigments, their mechanisms of motion, houses and purposes. They set the scene via explaining the explanations in the back of those modifications and convey how dyes are predominately natural compounds that dissolve or react with substrates, while pigments are (predominantly) finely floor inorganic ingredients which are insoluble and accordingly have a special mode of coloring. additionally they describe the function of useful teams and their impression on dyeing skill, contrasting this with the way pigments reason floor mirrored image (or gentle absorption) looking on their chemical and crystalline constitution and relative particle measurement. The e-book explores the environmental influence of dyes in a piece that covers the actual, chemical, toxicological, and ecological homes of dyes and the way those are used to evaluate their impact at the setting and to estimate no matter if a given product offers a possible possibility. finally, it assesses how, as well as their conventional makes use of within the cloth, leather-based, paper, paint and polish industries, dyes and pigments are necessary in different fields similar to microelectronics, clinical diagnostics, and in info recording techniques.
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Additional resources for Dyes and Pigments
Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 25(11):577–582 Pereira L, Alves M (2012) Dyes-environmental impact and remediation. In: Malik A, Grohmann E (eds) Environmental protection strategies for sustainable development, strategies for sustainability. Springer, New York Rothon R (2012) Pigment and nanopigment dispersion technologies. Smithers Rapra Publishing Shaik S (2007) The lewis legacy: the chemical bond-a territory and heartland of chemistry. J Comput Chem 28:51–61 Singh HB, Bharati KA (2014) Handbook of natural dyes and pigments.
4. The production of anthraquinone intermediates and anthraquinone dyes generally proceeds from a few key products generated by electrophilic substitution of unsubstituted anthraquinone or by synthesis of the nucleus. The major methods employed to prepare anthraquinone derivatives substituted in the α position are sulfonation and nitration. Preparation of β-substituted anthraquinones and of quinizarin (1,4-dihydroxyanthraquinone) generally is accomplished by synthesis of the nucleus starting from phthalic anhydride and a benzene derivative (Bien et al.
Woodhead Publishing, New Delhi Yadav LDS (2005) Organic spectroscopy. Springer, Dordrecht Zhang Q (2010) Nanocolarants. In: Sattler KD (ed) Handbook of nanophysics: functional nanomaterials. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, New York Zollinger H (1999) Color: a multidisciplinary approach. Wiley, Zürich Switzerland Zollinger H (2003) Colour chemistry: synthesis, properties, and applications of organic dyes and pigments. 53 billion by the year 2017, driven by the growth in key end-use industries.