Demographic Trends and Patterns in the Soviet Union Before by Wolfgang Lutz, Sergei Scherbov, Andrei Volkov

By Wolfgang Lutz, Sergei Scherbov, Andrei Volkov

This publication presents an outline of demographic developments and styles within the republics of the Soviet Union. the fabric provided offers a finished and certain assessment of fertility, marriage and the family members, age and mortality. With info evaluated via best Soviet and Western demographers, this booklet types the 1st compendium of demographic study at the former Soviet republics during the 20th century.

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Coale In the late 1970s Coale, Anderson, and Härm (1979) wrote a book on the decline in fertility in Russia since the 19th century, and in the mid-1980s Coale and Watkins (1986) summarized some of the principal findings of the Princeton European Fertility Project, a project that assembled data on overall fertility, marital fertility, and proportions married in more than 600 European provinces. The Princeton European Fertility Project (of which the study of Russia was a part) was intended to document the major decline in marital fertility in all of the provinces, and the associated changes in nuptiality, and to explore the socioeconomic circumstances under which the changes occurred.

Studying mortality trends for 53 territories of European Russia, they show that between 1979 and 1988 life expectancy was increasing in the direction from northeast to southwest. Chapter 22 by Kruminš is also a comparative analysis of mortality trends with a view to the Baltic states: Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. The author shows that before 1940 the Baltic states were more advanced in socioeconomic terms which was also reflected in higher life expectancy in comparison with the USSR and that after becoming part of the USSR the Baltic states started losing their good position in life expectancy.

It was also clear that the preferred way of caring for preschool children was at home by the mother. However, those with higher education were in favor of kindergartens. In Chapter 16, Rimashevskaya gives a comprehensive description of the social roles and the status of women in the USSR. Her considerations range between the social and professional mobility of women and a comparison of employment careers of both spouses. She finds that despite the decades of very high female labor force participation, the patriarchal structure in society has hardly changed and is even being strengthened during the present period of economic and political restructuring.

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