Demographic Change and Housing Wealth:: Home-owners, by John Doling, Marja Elsinga (auth.)
By John Doling, Marja Elsinga (auth.)
Across the european, populations are shrinking and growing old. An expanding burden is being put on a smaller operating inhabitants to generate the taxes required for pensions and care expenditures. Welfare states are weakening in lots of nations and throughout Europe, families are being more and more anticipated to plot for his or her retirement and destiny care wishes inside of this dicy atmosphere. even as, the percentage of individuals deciding to buy their very own domestic in such a lot nations has risen, in order that a few two-thirds of eu families now personal their houses. Housing fairness now significantly exceeds overall eu GDP.
This publication discusses questions like: to what volume could domestic possession supply a possible medication for a few of the results of growing older populations by means of understanding housing fairness for you to meet the intake wishes of older humans? What does this suggest for styles of inheritance and longer-term inequalities throughout Europe? And to what volume are governments banking on their voters using their housing wealth now and sooner or later?
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Additional info for Demographic Change and Housing Wealth:: Home-owners, Pensions and Asset-based Welfare in Europe
Each draws both on analyses, using macro and micro level data, of observed behaviour in the past, as well as on context-based interpretations of qualitative interviews about past, present and future attitudes and intentions. 22 1 Issues and Approaches Chapter 2 draws on a number of bodies of literature in order to provide insights into the two trends in national homeownership rates: the tendency over recent decades for these to increase across Europe alongside continuing national differences. The political science–housing studies literature has stressed the importance of a trade-off between homeownership and state welfare provision, especially in relation to pensions.
Set against this, the evidence from our interviews both supports the importance of the formal, national institutional framework within which individual households operate, and also suggest the importance of informal institutional frameworks. Chapter 3 presents evidence showing that housing equity constitutes the largest single form of wealth for the average European household, particularly so for older Europeans. In comparison with the ownership of shares, housing equity is both considerably larger and more evenly spread.
29 (as opposed to social) pension funds, and in stocks and shares. Arguably a more contentious issue concerns the processes by which such trade-offs are effected. In presenting his findings, Schmidt argued that the correlation should not be confused with causation, and that it is not clear which is cause, which is effect, or whether both are the product of some third factor. This uncertainty has generated some speculation about what the processes might be, and following Fahey (2003), it is possible to identify from the literature two main propositions.