Defenders of Reason in Islam. Mu‘tazilism from Medieval by Richard C. Martin

By Richard C. Martin

Drawing on texts either historic and smooth, this booklet explores rational theology in Islam, from 9th and 10th century Mu'tazilism to rationalist modernist scholarship.

Show description

Read or Download Defenders of Reason in Islam. Mu‘tazilism from Medieval School to Modern Symbol PDF

Similar comparative religion books

The Pagan Religions of the Ancient British Isles: Their Nature and Legacy

This is often the 1st survey of non secular ideals within the British Isles from the Stone Age to the arriving of Christianity. Hutton attracts upon a wealth of recent info to bare a few very important rethinking approximately Christianization and the decline of paganism.

A Comparative Doxastic-Practice Epistemology of Religious Experience

​This publication takes a theoretical firm in Christian philosophy of faith and applies it to Buddhism, hence protecting Buddhism and featuring it favorably compared. Chapters discover how the claims of either Christianity and Theravada Buddhism leisure on people’s reviews, so the query as to which claimants to spiritual wisdom are correct rests at the evidential worth of these stories.

Education, Poverty and Gender: Schooling Muslim Girls in India

This publication investigates the character of id formation between economically backward adolescent Muslim ladies in northern India via targeting the interstitial areas of the ‘home’ and ‘school’. It examines problems with faith, patriarchy and schooling, to interrogate the connection among pedagogy and faith in South Asia.

History and Religion. Narrating a Religious Past

Heritage is without doubt one of the most crucial cultural instruments to make feel of one’s scenario, to set up identification, outline otherness, and clarify swap. this is often the 1st systematic scholarly examine that analyses the complicated courting among background and faith, taking into consideration non secular teams either as manufacturers of ancient narratives in addition to specific themes of historiography.

Extra info for Defenders of Reason in Islam. Mu‘tazilism from Medieval School to Modern Symbol

Sample text

35 'Abd al-Jabbar was the last great thinker of a school of thought that was already on the wane during the last years of his life. There were many reasons why Hanbali traditionalists, Ash'ari mutakallimun, and others had been able to displace the Mu'tazila from the prominence the school had enjoyed in the ninth and tenth centuries. Surely one reason was political. The permanent withdrawal of caliphal support for the Mu'tazila after the theological inquisition (mihna) instituted by Caliph al-Ma'mun in 833 was less consequential at the time than historians often conclude.

Others argued to the contrary, that 'Uthman had not ruled according t o Quranic a n d prophetic principle, and therefore he deserved punishment, even death. 'Ali's caliphate became hostage t o this tragic fitna, which was exacerbated by an agreement between 'Ali and Mu'awiya to submit to arbitration the question of whether or not 'Ali should avenge 'Uthman's murder. Mu'awiya was a clansman of 'Uthman of the Meccan Umayyad family, and at the time of the arbitration he was governor of Damascus. The finding of the arbiters in Mu'awiya's favor, that 'Ali should have avenged 'Uthman's murder, put 'Ali and his partisans (shi'a) on the defensive.

29. Euthyphro (7 D). 30. McGrath, The Genesis of Doctrine, p. I I (italics in the original). 3 1. , p. 38. His reference is to Niklas Luhmann. Funktion der Religion (Frankfurt: Suhr Kamp, 1 982 [I977]), pp. 59-6 1. 32. The presumed opposite of ijtihad, taqlid, "unquestioning obedience," can be understood rather as the logical consequence of ijtihad. Taqlid as "strict obedience" is appropriate once one has established through the power of one's intellect (ijtihad) the proper interpretation and application of the Shari'a in a particular context.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.17 of 5 – based on 21 votes