Climate Change and the Oil Industry: Common Problems, by Jon Birger Skjaerseth, Tora Skodvin

By Jon Birger Skjaerseth, Tora Skodvin

This quantity offers an in depth learn of the weather thoughts of ExxonMobil, Shell, and Statoil. With an cutting edge analytical process, the authors clarify adaptations at 3 decision-making degrees: in the businesses themselves, within the nationwide home-bases of the firms, and on the overseas point. The research generates policy-relevant wisdom approximately even if and the way company resistance to a attainable weather coverage will be conquer.

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Extra resources for Climate Change and the Oil Industry: Common Problems, Different Strategies (Issues in Environmental Politics)

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Of particular importance is the extent to which varying climate strategies are the result of companyspecific factors, or whether they are located in the political context at national or international levels. Strong empirical support in the former case will point in the direction of corporations operating beyond the reach of climate policy-makers, while the latter case is more hopeful in terms of governance: corporate climate strategies can be affected within existing political frameworks at national and international levels.

The company conducts business in gas, oil, coal and chemicals in more than 200 countries. Until its merger with Mobil in 1999, Exxon was a strongly hierarchical organisation, with the company’s headquarters playing a major role in its decision-making process. , 1997). The merger with Mobil brought about a reorganisation, which has implied a more decentralised structure. With the reorganisation, ‘ExxonMobil has entrusted its vast and diverse operations to a slate of business units with global responsibilities.

This mechanism will be explored in the next section. On the basis of this discussion of the DP model, we may generally assume that if domestic political context factors differ and are decisive for corporate strategy choice, corporations will tend to choose different, rather than similar, strategies towards common problems. More specifically, we explore the proposition that strong societal demands for climate policy, governmental supply of an ambitious policy, and a consensus-oriented approach to regulation will promote a proactive strategy among multinational oil companies.

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