Classical Control Using H-Infinity Methods: Theory, by J. William Helton

By J. William Helton

This flexible e-book teaches keep watch over method layout utilizing H-Infinity innovations which are easy and appropriate with classical keep watch over, but strong sufficient to speedy let the answer of bodily significant difficulties. The authors commence by means of educating how you can formulate keep an eye on method layout difficulties as mathematical optimization difficulties after which speak about the speculation and numerics for those optimization difficulties. Their procedure is easy and direct, and because the e-book is modular, the elements on concept will be learn independently of the layout elements and vice versa, permitting readers to benefit from the ebook on many degrees. formerly, there has no longer been a book appropriate for instructing the subject on the undergraduate point. This ebook fills that hole by way of instructing keep an eye on approach layout utilizing H-Infinity options at a degree within sight of the common engineering and arithmetic scholar. It additionally includes a readable account of modern advancements and mathematical connections.

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Extra resources for Classical Control Using H-Infinity Methods: Theory, Optimization and Design

Example text

Since the Lyapunov function in (28) is not radially unbounded, the global behavior cannot be concluded. If the reference input is PE, convergence of the estimated parameters can further be proved. 3 Persistent excitation We have introduced MRAC laws for linear time-invariant systems to have asymptotic tracking error convergence performance. 10 Model Reference Adaptive Control (MRAC) 51 obtain uniformly boundedness of parameter errors in those systems. In this section, we are going to investigate the problem of persistency of excitation of signals in the closed loop system, which relates to the convergence of the parameter vector.

From the computation n ∫ ∞ 0 x T Qxdt = − ∫ ∞ 0 p ɺ = V0 − V ∞ < ∞ Vdt we have x ∈ L2 . Boundedness of xɺ can be obtained by observing (30a). Therefore, by Barbalat’s lemma, we have proved x → 0 as t → ∞ . n 52 Chapter 2 Preliminaries To prove asymptotic convergence of z, we need to prove that ∀ε > 0 , ∃Tε > 0 such that z (t ) < ε , ∀t ≥ Tε . 6-3), inequality (33) becomes λmax (P ) x(Tε ) + z (Tε ) ≥ z (t ) 2 z (t ) ≤ λmax (P ) x(Tε ) + z (Tε ) 2 2 2 This further implies 2 (34) Since we have proved x → 0 as t → ∞ , this implies that ∀ε > 0 , ∃tε > 0 such that ∀t ≥ tε , x(t ) ≤ ε 2λmax (P ) .

Consider a special linear system (Marino and Tomei 1996) xɺ = Ax + ΩT (t )z (30a) zɺ = −Ω(t )Px (30b) where x ∈ℜ n and z ∈ℜ p . A ∈ℜ n × n is a Hurwitz matrix, and P ∈ℜ n × n is a T positive definite matrix satisfying A P + PA = −Q for some positive definite n × n matrix Q. The p × n real matrix Ω has the property that Ω(t ) and ɺ (t ) are uniformly bounded. System (30) is frequently encountered in the Ω parameter convergence analysis of adaptive systems. Equation (30a) usually corresponds to the tracking error dynamics and (30b) is the update law.

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