Cities Transformed: Demographic Change and Its Implications by Panel on Urban Population Dynamics, National Research
By Panel on Urban Population Dynamics, National Research Council
Over the following two decades, such a lot low-income nations will, for the 1st time, turn into extra city than rural. figuring out demographic tendencies within the towns of the constructing global is necessary to these international locations - their societies, economies, and environments. the advantages from urbanization can't be ignored, however the pace and sheer scale of this variation offers many demanding situations. during this uniquely thorough and authoritative quantity, sixteen of the world's best students on city inhabitants and improvement have labored jointly to provide the main complete and special research of the adjustments occurring in towns and their implications and affects. They specialise in inhabitants dynamics, social and monetary differentiation, fertility and reproductive healthiness, mortality and morbidity, exertions strength, and concrete governance. As many nationwide governments decentralize and devolve their services, the character of city administration and governance is present process primary transformation, with courses in poverty relief, healthiness, schooling, and public prone more and more being deposited within the arms of untested municipal and neighborhood governments. towns remodeled identifies a brand new category of coverage maker rising to soak up the becoming tasks. Drawing from a wide selection of knowledge assets, a lot of them formerly inaccessible, this crucial textual content becomes the benchmark for all concerned about city-level study, coverage, making plans, and funding judgements. The nationwide learn Council is a personal, non-profit establishment established in Washington, DC, supplying companies to the united states govt, the general public, and the clinical and engineering groups. The editors are individuals of the Council's Panel on city inhabitants Dynamics.
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Extra resources for Cities Transformed: Demographic Change and Its Implications in the Developing World
For instance, neighborhood residents may view a nearby health or family planning clinic as being inaccessible if it happens to be situated beyond a socially defined neighborhood boundary. Or, where privacy is deemed essential—as it is often thought to be for adolescents—such services may deliberately be sought outside the bounds of the neighborhood. Is there any reason to question the social significance of neighborhood in the cities of poor countries?
THE TRANSFORMATION OF CITIES S˜ao Paulo, now Latin America’s second-largest city and a megacity by any definition, had its origins as a minor commercial center. Although the story of S˜ao Paulo has unique elements, it can stand as an example of the changes under way in cities worldwide. In 1890, when Rio de Janeiro could boast a population of more than half a million, only 65,000 people lived in S˜ao Paulo. It was improvements in agriculture—widespread coffee cultivation in the region—that ushered in S˜ao Paulo’s first era of prosperity.
In what follows we describe more systematically the principal themes that link the chapters of this volume. Space and Measurement As countries urbanize and proportionately more of their citizens find homes in cities, the need grows for spatially disaggregated data on the conditions of urban life. It is difficult to imagine how cities can be governed effectively without such data. But from what sources are spatially disaggregated data now available? National censuses can provide useful measures for small spatial units, but censuses are not often examined at such disaggregated levels.