Cicero Scepticus: A Study of the Influence of the Academica by Charles B. Schmitt

By Charles B. Schmitt

As initially deliberate this quantity was once intended to hide a a little bit wider scope than, in reality, it has became out to do. whilst, in rg68, I before everything conceived of getting ready it, it was once proposed to house numerous elements of early sleek scepticism, as well as the fortuna of the Academica, and to put up numerous loosely similar items less than the name of 'Studies within the background of Early glossy Scepticism. ' Thereby, I foresaw that i might exhaust my wisdom of the topic and might then manage to flip my recognition to different issues. In starting up my study in this subject, notwithstanding, I quickly stumbled on that there remained a far higher bulk of fabric to review than might be handled among the covers of the one modest quantity which I predicted. My proposed part on Cicero's Academica was once to hide among 50 and seventy five pages within the unique plan. It quickly turned obvious, despite the fact that, specially after Joannes Rosa's hitherto unstudied observation on Cicero's paintings was once exposed, that this fabric must be handled at a far better size than I had foreseen. the current quantity is the results of this accelerated research. The monograph which has come from this modification in plans has, i believe, the virtues of continuity and cohesive­ ness and one hopes that those benefits offset the advantages of a broader scope that have been sacrificed.

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88-106) and is accompanied by substantial marginal glosses. I have consulted a microfilm of this section of the manuscript, but the annotations seem to have little of philosophical interest. This whole manuscript, however, should be studied with more care and related to William's other interests and activities. For further information see A Catalogue ... (1856-67) I, 507-o9 and Reid in Cicero (188s), 66-68. INFLUENCE AND DISTRIBUTION IN ANTIQUITY 39 phers and theologians during the later Middle Ages, there is some evidence that they were debated upon occasion.

66 Sabbadini (1967) I, 220. 67 Manitius (1935), 32. 68 Such was the judgement of C. C. J. Webb in the Prolegomena to Ioannes Saresberiensis (1909) I, xxix. In my reading of the relevant sections of the Policraticus, I have found no reason to dispute Webb's conjecture. The only more or less direct reference to Cicero's work is at VII, 9 (ed. cit. II, 129, lines 4-5) which reads: 'Denique et ipse Tullius huic tale testimonium perhibet ut in libris Achademicis dicat ... ' But, as Webb points out in a footnote, this comes from Augustine's De civitate Dei VI, 2, g.

It is, nevertheless, realized that there is probably no ancient authority for it. Cf. Rackham in Cicero (1933), 401. I shall also follow the practice of referring to the extant book of the Academica priora as the Lucullus from time to time. 9 See Reid in Cicero (1885), 38. 10 Rackham provides a useful outline of speakers, arguments, and the parts of the two redactions which actually survive in Cicero {1933), 402. ll These indicate two quite different philosophical positions in the dialogues. The 'Old Academy' represents a return, which was initiated apparently in the later part of the career of Philo of Larisa (ca.

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