Britain's Population: Demographic Issues in Contemporary by Steven Jackson

By Steven Jackson

Britain's inhabitants addresses matters on the subject of the demographic features of British society. a number of the modern positive aspects of the inhabitants relate to adjustments some time past - really the ups and downs in attitudes to marriage and relations formation. The background of those developments is taken into account, together with the 'baby increase' of the Nineteen Sixties whilst 3 million young ones have been extra to the inhabitants in the area of ten years. Jackson argues that the influence of this bulge new release can nonetheless be pointed out and may turn into of accelerating significance while thegeneration reaches retirement age. present traits in fertility are prompted by means of the altering constitution of the labour marketplace and by way of the hold up in marriage and baby bearing to later existence. The Nineties has been the period of the 'double source of revenue no young children but' companions and the thirty-something mom. during this booklet Stephen Jackson highlights how the plight of unmarried moms, the matter of investment pensioners, and the way forward for the welfare nation, all depend upon demographic developments in society.

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Information on migration between local areas is obtained from the NHSCR (see above and Chapter 2). The figures for estimated populations are generally published in the year after the date to which they relate. In order to provide more up-to-date information for local and central government planning, the ONS has produced sets of extrapolated estimates for each local and health authority in England. These effectively roll-forward the current estimates for the following two years, assuming that each local area maintains its share of national births, deaths and migration.

It would be impracticable to list all separate publications here, but a summary of the relevant agencies with details of the most useful publications follows. The Office for National Statistics The ONS is the primary government agency responsible for gathering and disseminating information on Britain’s population. It was founded in 1996 by the merger of the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (OPCS) and the Central 17 SOURCES OF POPULATION DATA Statistical Office (CSO). OPCS itself had been established in 1970 as a result of the bringing together of the General Register Office (which managed the census and civil registration) with the Government Social Survey (responsible for sample surveys on various social issues).

6 Age/sex mortality rates 1994 Source: Population Trends 88, table 13 Certain categories of mortality are represented by specific statistics. The death of children in the early stages of life is a particularly sensitive indicator of general levels of public health and nutrition. The statistics are recorded for different time periods after birth, and are expressed in proportion to the number of live births. The infant mortality rate records the number of deaths of children aged under one year per 1,000 live births in a given year.

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