Blackwell's Concise Encyclopedia of Environmental Management by Peter P. Calow

By Peter P. Calow

Drawing on entries from The Encyclopedia of Ecology and Environmental administration, this concise reference will offer an important speedy consultant for these operating within the box of environmental administration: experts, planners, environmental advisors in undefined, and scholars. nearly 1500 keyword phrases are outlined in language which could simply be understood via the non-expert. Key acronyms, socio/economic phrases, and medical phrases are all discussed.Over 1500 key termsAvoids technical jargonIncludes key acronyms

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Even without the help of science, our ancestors somehow, someway, generally seemed to understand that one did not locate a privy upstream from one’s drinking water well or stream. Because human and animal wastes were discharged directly to surface bodies of water, scientists and engineers developed technologies designed to treat liquid domestic wastes prior to their discharge. As population centers grew, the obvious “stench and sights” in major cities such as London demanded “a better way;” the commonly expressed environmental phrase that the “solution to pollution is dilution” already was being taxed in many metropolitan environments.

However, the discharge of toxic materials was banned. Concurrent with this regulation, investigations were under way regarding the effects of pollution on water quality. This included the identification of both inorganic and organic pollutants, which by their presence in water either represented some degree of harm or were considered as “indicators” of pollution. In many cases, it was common sense for people to recognize that if water had on unpleasant odor (sulfur) or was discolored (iron and silt), it was of poor quality (without the need to conduct chemical analyses).

However, when a liquid is released within a building, it may seep through cracks in the floor, discharge to a floor drain,5 or be channeled to a sump. If discharged to a sump, the sump may be lined (made of concrete) but sometimes simply may be a concrete box with a soil bottom. In some cases, the sumps have discharge lines to sanitary or storm drains, or to ditches, ponds, or lagoons (causing pollution if the lines leak or the ditches, ponds, and lagoons are unlined). A liquid also can be an air contaminate when the release occurs as an aerosol.

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