Biotechnology for Environmental Management and Resource by Ramesh Chander Kuhad, Ajay Singh

By Ramesh Chander Kuhad, Ajay Singh

Various kinds of secondary agriculture and forestry wastes symbolize important source fabrics for constructing exchange strength as biofuels and different price further items corresponding to sugars, phenols, furans, natural acids, enzymes and digestible animal feed and so on. besides the fact that, if no longer controlled effectively, waste materials and environmental contaminants generated via quite a few industries corresponding to foodstuff and feed, pulp and paper and cloth could lead to critical environmental toxins. The strength, nutrition and feed call for necessitate constructing uncomplicated and economically achievable applied sciences for environmental administration and source restoration. Microorganisms and their enzymes give a contribution considerably in usage of plant residues, source restoration and at last in pollutants mitigation.
“Biotechnology for Environmental administration and source restoration” offers a accomplished evaluate of chosen study themes in a compendium of sixteen chapters regarding environmental toxins keep watch over and constructing biotechnologies in agro-ecosystem administration and bioconversion of agro-residues (lignocellulosics) into biofuels, animal feed and paper and so on. This publication offers a useful source for reference and textual content fabric to graduate and postgraduate scholars, researchers, scientists operating within the quarter of microbiology, biotechnology, and environmental technology and engineering.

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For its use as ruminant feed. Electron J Biotechnol 9:215–220 Alexandre G, Zhulin IB (2000) Laccases are widespread in bacteria. Trends Biotechnol 18:41–42 Alic M, Akileswaran L, Gold MH (1997) Characterization of the gene encoding manganese peroxidase isozyme 3 from Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Biochim Biophys Acta 1338:1–7 Amitai G, Adani R, Sod-Moriah G, Rabinovitz I, Vincze A, Leader H, Chefetz B, Leibovitz-Persky L, Friesem D, Hadar Y (1998) Oxidative biodegradation of phosphorothiolates by fungal laccase.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 179:428–435 Blanchette RA (1995) Degradation of lignocellulose complex in wood. Can J Bot 73:S999–S1010 Blanchette RA, Abad AR, Farrell RL, Leathers TD (1989) Detection of lignin peroxidase and xylanase by immunocytochemical labeling in wood decayed by basidiomycetes. Appl Environ Microbiol 55:1457–1465 Blanchette RA, Burnes TA, Eerdmans MM, Akhtar M (1992) Evaluating isolates of Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Ceriporiopsis subvermispora for use in biological pulping processes.

However, despite having such kind of studies, complete optimization of the process is yet to be done and is in progress in our laboratory. In another recent report, Arora et al. (2011) tested various fungi for bioconversion process, and among them Phlebia brevispora degraded maximum lignin (30%) and enhanced digestibility from 172 to 287 g kg−1 along with an increase in antioxidant property of fermented straw. Only a few processes reached pilot plant scale and none so far to commercial scale. Among them, pilot scale semisolid fermentation of ryegrass straw was carried out in a pilot plant at 100-kg scale using Candida utilis, and the fermentation was found to increase protein content, crude fat, and in vitro rumen digestibility (up to 50%) (Grant et al.

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