Avian Ecology and Conservation in an Urbanizing World by John M. Marzluff

By John M. Marzluff

One of the main notable and chronic methods people dominate Earth is through altering land-cover as we settle a area. a lot of our ecological figuring out approximately this method comes from reviews of birds, but the prevailing literature is scattered, as a rule many years previous, and barely synthesized or standardized.
The twenty-seven contributions authored via leaders within the fields of avian and concrete ecology current a distinct precis of present learn on birds in settled environments starting from wildlands to exurban, rural to city. Ecologists, land managers, natural world managers, evolutionary ecologists, city planners, panorama architects, and conservation biologists will locate our details valuable simply because we deal with the conservation and evolutionary implications of city lifestyles from an ecological and making plans point of view. Graduate scholars in those fields will also locate the quantity to be an invaluable precis and synthesis of present examine, extant literature, and prescriptions for destiny paintings. All attracted to human-driven land-cover alterations will make the most of a perusal of this e-book simply because we current excessive altitude images of every research area.

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Alberts, J. Wright, M. Sorice, and S. Hill. 1988. Reconstructed dynamics of rapid extinctions of chaparral-requiring birds in urban habitat islands. Conserv. BioI. 2:75-92. Tatner, P. 1982. The breeding biology of magpies Pica pica in an urban environment. J. Zool. 197:559-581. Tella, J. , F. Hiraldo, J. A. Domizar-Sancho, and J. J. Negro. 1996. p. 53-60. In Bird, D. , D. E. Varland, and J. 1. ]. Raptors in human landscapes. Academic Press, London, UK. Theobald, D. M, H. Gosnell, and W. E. Riebsame.

England, A. , 1. A. Estep, and W. R. Holt. 1995. Nest-site selection and reproductive performance of urban-nesting Swainson's Hawks in the central valley of California. 1. Raptor Res. 29: 179-186. Erskine, A. 1. 1992. A ten-year urban winter bird count in Sackville, New Brunswick. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 106:499-506. Erz, W. 1966. Ecological principles in the urbanization of birds. Ostrich Suppl. 6:357-363. Fonaroff, L. S. 1974. Urbanization, birds, and ecological change in Northwestern Trinidad.

Our domination of Earth is evidenced by our use of 40% of all terrestrial net primary productivity (Vitousek et al. 1986) and radiation from our lights that is visible from space at night (Fig. 1; Elvidge et at. 1997). Human populations are becoming increasingly urban. In 1700, only 14 cities (all in Eurasia) with populations of more than 200,000 people existed (Berry 1990). By 1900, 42 cites on four continents (Eurasia, North America, South America and Africa) had such populations, and by 2000, 171 cities on five continents (those above, plus Australia) had populations greater than 200,000 (Brinkhoff 2001).

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