Automata, languages, and machines by Samuel Eilenberg
By Samuel Eilenberg
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Additional resources for Automata, languages, and machines
Program File stores an user application program,subroutines & the error files. Data files store data associated with the program,such as I/O status, counter/timer preset /accumulated values & other stored constants or variables. Together the above 2 areas are called Application or User Memory. CPU also has an executive program or system memory that directs & performs “operation” activities of the internal functions of the CPU’s. This System Memory is Programmed by the manufacturer cannot be accessed by the user.
Output circuits operate in a manner similar to the input circuits – signals from the CPU passes through an isolation barrier before energising outputs. Relays ---can be either for AC/DC, handle higher amp,slow, wear & tear. 5A. ¾ Triacs -- Switches AC Power,other features same as Transistors. Note ¾ -- Solid State Outputs ( Triacs & Transistors) can be damaged by over voltage or over current. Points to know about CPU’s CPU,the primary component is made of a microprocessor & a memory system.
Optical Isolation Barrier Input Devices Pushbuttons Selector Switches Limit Switches Level/Pressure/Temperature Switches Photoelectric Sensors Proximity Sensors Motor Starter Contacts Relay Contacts Thumbwheel Switches Transducers/Transmitters Encoders/Tachos/Resolvers • 120 VAC • 24 VDC Points to know about Input Modules. Can be Discrete or Analogue. Can be varying voltages/ currents. Field signals are unfiltered. Conditioning of the signals are required because the internal components of a PLC operate on 5V DC.