At Peace With All Their Neighbors: Catholics and Catholicism by William W. Warner
By William W. Warner
In 1790, occasions marked details within the improvement of 2 younger American associations - Congress determined that the hot nation's seat of presidency will be at the banks of the Potomac, and John Carroll of Maryland used to be consecrated as America's first Catholic bishop. This accident of occasions signalled the unexpectedly vital position that Maryland's Catholics, lots of them by means of then 5th- and sixth-generation americans, have been to play within the development and early executive of the nationwide capital. during this publication, William W. Warner explores how Maryland's Catholics drew upon their long-standing traditions - advocacy of separation of church and nation, a feeling of civic responsibility, and a choice "to dwell at peace with all their neighbors," in Bishop Carroll's word - to take a number one function within the early executive, financing, and development of the hot capital. starting with short histories of the area's first Catholic church buildings and the institution of Georgetown university, "At Peace with All Their associates" explains the various purposes at the back of the Protestant majority's popularity of Catholicism within the nationwide capital in an age usually marked via spiritual intolerance. presently after the capital moved from Philadelphia in 1800, Catholics held the significant positions within the urban executive and have been additionally significant landowners, estate traders, and bankers. within the decade ahead of the 1844 riots over spiritual schooling erupted in Philadelphia, the municipal govt of Georgetown gave public money for a Catholic institution and Congress granted land in Washington for a Catholic orphanage. This booklet closes with a impressive account of ways the Washington group, Protestants and Catholics alike, withstood the targeted efforts of the virulently anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic American nativists and the Know-Nothing social gathering within the final twenty years ahead of the Civil battle. This chronicle of Washington's Catholic neighborhood and its significant contributions to the expansion of the international locations' capital can be of worth for everybody drawn to the historical past of Washington, D.C., Catholic historical past, and the heritage of spiritual toleration in the US.
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Extra info for At Peace With All Their Neighbors: Catholics and Catholicism in the National Capital 1787-1860
One discovery leads to another, until the researcher finds himself compelled to consider a much larger portrait than he originally envisioned. So, at least, it has been with this book. What began as a simple parish history took on greater dimensions as a wealth of records gradually revealed itself. The reader will have no trouble recognizing the parish in question as Holy Trinity of Georgetown, the District of Columbia's oldest. The baptismal and marriage registers of this church, virtually complete from 1795 onwards, carry certain names that anyone familiar with Maryland history will recognize.
For the time being, therefore, it might be prudent to avoid using the word and its still-suspect connotations. Lastly, it is only necessary to add that all existing maps and land records of Georgetown clearly show that Lot 72 is the exact site where the first Trinity Church was built and where it stands now as the parish center of today's Holy Trinity Church. Of the lot's donor, John Threlkeld, a Protestant, we know almost everything except precisely why he chose to make this gift. Threlkeld was a second-generation Marylander whose parents' estate, "Berleith," at one time occupied much of western Georgetown.
To this end Carroll wrote incessantly to his closest friend and most faithful correspondent, the British Jesuit Charles Plowden. "11 But many obstacles over a long period of time had stood in the way of the object nearest to Carroll's heart. He had come to the United States in 1774 after long years of study and teaching in Europe, deeply distressed by Pope Clement XIV's world-wide suppression of the Society of Jesus the year before. Awaiting him was a clergy of former Jesuits who for the most part were content to manage their rural estates in southern Maryland in which they had invested from the earliest days of the colonial period, as they patiently awaited a new day for the Society.