Androids in the Enlightenment: Mechanics, Artisans, and by Adelheid Voskuhl
By Adelheid Voskuhl
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Extra info for Androids in the Enlightenment: Mechanics, Artisans, and Cultures of the Self
Vaucanson’s fame was primarily due to his 1738 book Le mécanisme du ﬂuteur automate, which he promoted actively, and the article “L’automat” in Diderot’s and d’Alembert’s Encyclopédie. 33. Vartanian, “Biographical Sketch of La Mettrie,” 18. 34. Another example of a philosopher who used automata to promote Newtonianism was John Theophilus Desaguliers. A distinguished natural philosopher, a skilled experimentalist, a popular lecturer, and a committed Newtonian, he translated Vaucanson’s book on his ﬂuteplaying automaton into English in 1742.
They specialized in building musical automata and mechanical musical instruments that were as close to the original as possible in their acoustical reproductions. Johann Gottfried Kaufmann, the father, was born in 1751, the son of a hosier near Chemnitz (Saxony). Johann Gottfried’s own parents were very poor, and he initially underwent an apprenticeship in his father’s craft. 58 His master died in 1772, even before Johann Gottfried had ﬁnished his apprenticeship, but he continued his master’s workshop on behalf of his master’s widow.
44 Hero’s works include nobles attended the court at any given time. Sturdy, Fractured Europe, 292–95. On early modern court culture and its manifold interrelations with political power, the arts, and artisanship, see also Holme, Princely Feasts and Festivals; Apostolidès, Le roi-machine; Blanning, Culture of Power, 29–52. 42. Kunisch emphasizes the role of diplomacy in this intercourt competition, and he uses the term Öffentlichkeit to describe it. Kunisch, Absolutismus, 63–72. During the eighteenth century, the small courts of the minor German-speaking states rose to meet Louis XIV’s standards, engaging in a strenuous competition to pursue their political agendas.