Air Pollution and Human Cancer by Lorenzo Tomatis (auth.), Lorenzo Tomatis (eds.)

By Lorenzo Tomatis (auth.), Lorenzo Tomatis (eds.)

Air pollutants and Human Cancer analyzes the proof for the potential contribution of pollution to the foundation of human melanoma. exceptional specialists in numerous parts of melanoma examine record on: - pollution and melanoma: an outdated and a brand new challenge; - assets, nature and degrees of air toxins; - size and tracking of person exposures; - experimental proof for the carcinogenicity of air pollution; - epidemiological facts on pollution and melanoma; - melanoma chance estimation and prevention.

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Environ Sci Technol1988 (22):240-246 Schwartz SE: Acid deposition: unraveling a regional phenomenon. Science 1989 (243):753-763 Anon: reducing acid rain - continuation of the Pimental report. Environ Sci Technol 1985 (29):439-440 Anon: Tougher laws on toxic emissions urged. S. House of Representatives: The National Toxic Release Inventory-Preliminary Air Toxic Data. Washington, DC. Subcommittee on Health and the Environment, Committee on Energy and Commerce. 1989 (March 22): p 78 Tuominen S, Salomaa S, Pyysalo H, Skytta E: Polynuclear aromatic compounds and gen~toxici~y in particulate and vapor phases of ambient air: effect to traffic, season and meterological 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 31 conditions.

Outdoor air is usually a minor (direct) source of exposure to metals: food and, for arsenic and cadmium, smoking are the main sources [1,6]. However, many met- als, such as lead and cadmium [1], are absorbed to a higher degree when inhaled than when ingested, indicating the health significance of exposure by inhalation. For arsenic, the representative background levels are 1-10 ng/m 3 in rural areas; urban concentrations may exceed 100 ng/m 3 . Communities with nonferrous metal smelters and power plants may have air concentrations of micrograms per cubic metre.

8 days, and it decays into short-lived isotopes of polonium, lead, bismuth and thallium, which are referred to as radon daughters. 5 units of its daughters [46,47]. Uranium and radium occur abundantly in the earth's crust. 1 (over oceans) to 10 Bq/m 3 (1 Bq=27 pCi). The concentration of radon varies widely in different parts of the world. High concentrations of radon have been noted especially in areas where terrestrial gamma radiation is high. Radon and its daughters are usually present in a particle-bound form.

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