Air Monitoring for Toxic Exposures by Henry J. McDermott
By Henry J. McDermott
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This ebook bargains ready-to-use info for measuring a large choice of airborne harmful fabrics together with chemical substances, radon, and bioaerosols. It presents the latest procedures for air sampling, accumulating organic and bulk samples, comparing dermal exposures, and opting for the benefits and boundaries of a given air tracking process.
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Ammability), health hazard deﬁnitions are less precise and more subjective. Health hazards may cause measurable changes in the body, such as decreased pulmonary function. These changes are generally indicated by the Air Monitoring for Toxic Exposures, Second Edition. By Henry J. McDermott ISBN 0-471-45435-4 © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1. S. Federal OSHA Hazard Communication Standard) Health Hazard A chemical for which there is statistically signiﬁcant evidence based on at least one study conducted in accordance with established scientiﬁc principles that acute or chronic health effects may occur in exposed employees.
Other speciﬁc gas/vapor instruments. Instruments have been developed to take advantage of speciﬁc reactions or responses of speciﬁc gases and vapors: • • Formaldehyde will ﬂuoresce (emit light of a speciﬁc wavelength) when excited by a bright light source. The amount of ﬂuorescence can be measured and is proportional to the formaldehyde concentration. Mercury vapors can be detected using instruments based on two characteristics of mercury: (a) Airborne mercury absorbs ultraviolet light produced by a mercury lamp; (b) mercury will form an amalgam with gold (a solid solution of gold in mercury), and the amalgam exhibits a different electrical conductivity than pure gold.
Corrosive: Causes visible destruction of, or irreversible alterations in, living tissue by chemical action at the site of contact. Carcinogen: Considered to be a carcinogen if: it has been evaluated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and found to be a carcinogen or potential carcinogen; or it is listed as a carcinogen or potential carcinogen in the Annual Report on Carcinogens published by the National Toxicology Program (NTP) (latest edition); or, it is regulated by OSHA as a carcinogen.