Accounting for Rape by Irina Anderson, Kathy Doherty
By Irina Anderson, Kathy Doherty
Accounting for Rape provides an unique point of view with regards to rape, concentrating on either male and female sexual violence. The authors examine daily ideals approximately rape, to check how blaming the sufferer and the normalization of rape are completed by way of humans in a dialogue approximately sexual violence. They synthesize discursive psychology and a feminist perspective to discover accurately how rape and rape victimhood are outlined in ways in which replicate the social, political and cultural stipulations of society.
By analysing conversational info, Anderson and Doherty recommend that the prevailing social mental experimental learn into rape and rape conception fails to examine the subtlety and political importance of rape supportive reasoning. Accounting for Rape presents a serious interrogation of the dominant theories and methodologies, focusing on:
How the gender and sexual orientation of alleged sufferers and perpetrators is essential to social contributors while making feel of a rape document and in apportioning blame and sympathy
How arguments which are severe of alleged sufferers are in-built ways in which are 'face saving' for the individuals within the conversations, and the way victim-blaming arguments are offered as 'common sense'.
The strength of making use of this method in either expert and educational contexts to advertise angle change.
The booklet may be of significant curiosity to these learning social and medical psychology, cultural reviews, sociology, women's experiences and conversation experiences.
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Additional info for Accounting for Rape
Motivational characteristics of observers: just-world theory and defensive attribution The just-world theory (Lerner and Matthews, 1967) suggests that people have a motivational need to believe that the world is a fair and just place, that people get what they deserve and deserve what they get, and that we are motivated to believe in deserved outcomes to maintain a sense of 34 THE SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY OF RAPE PERCEPTION control and ef®cacy over the environment. To believe that bad things happen to people without any apparent reason would make the world a chaotic place and subsequently would threaten our sense of control.
Rapists themselves 21 ACCOUNTING FOR RAPE can also mobilise societally condoned excuses and justi®cations for rape in advance of committing rape to absolve guilt and be morally free to act (Jackson, 1987). As Sykes and Matza argue, `justi®cations . . precede behaviour and make deviant behaviour possible' (1957: 666; cited in Antaki, 1994). The analyses presented in this book are inspired by the view of explanation-giving as a form of social regulation, a theme that was present in both early feminist accounts of rape and society and early sociological writing on accounts.
Thus when cultural members engage in attributional analysis of a particular rape incident they are not reasoning with objective `facts'; their sense-making is always already saturated with beliefs, preconceptions and ideologies about gender and sexual violence. The `extraneous' factors 40 THE SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY OF RAPE PERCEPTION deemed relevant will be constructed and debated according to societal norms and expectations about gender, sexuality and violence. The `events are neutral prior to attributional analysis' assumption of attribution theory effectively implies that attributional reasoning about rape (or anything for that matter) takes place in a cultural vacuum ± and that social participants are objective, dispassionate manipulators of social information (as discussed above).