A History of South East Asia by Arthur Cotterell
By Arthur Cotterell
The fundamental quantity at the historical past of maritime and mainland Southeast Asia from earliest recorded occasions till the current day via acclaimed historian Arthur Cotterell
A heritage of Southeast Asia narrates the heritage of the area from earliest recorded occasions until eventually at the present time, protecting present-day Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, the Philippines, Indonesia and East Timor. Its scope is the complete of Southeast Asia and never simply the mainland, which has some time past obtained undue emphasis very likely due to the Vietnam warfare. Water is the geographical reason behind its harmony and variety, for even landlocked Laos has the Mekong as a method of communication.
Part 1 Early Southeast Asia (the earliest civilisations)
Part 2 Medieval Southeast (the colonial period)
Part three sleek Southeast (the present-day period, following the Pacific size of the second one global)
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In Upper Burma, where rainfall was adversely affected by the Arakan mountains, such an approach to agriculture was out of the question. Even more so was it inappropriate to the hillsides cultivated by the Shan tribes, whose livelihood relied on mastery of land unsuited to growing wet rice. The Shan farmers had to evolve a sophisticated method of water control along with a type of rice that could flourish on dry land or land with limited flooding. Their early-ripening variety of rice would transform Burmese agriculture as it later did farming in large parts of Thailand.
The city was stormed in 1056 as a result of its ruler’s refusal to hand over Buddhist scriptures, including those brought from Sri Lanka by Buddhaghosa. And an inscription at Pagan confirms that King Manuha of Thaton was kept as a captive until his death and that his descendants stayed on there. The Mon kingdom of Hamsavati, of which Thaton may well have been a vassal state, was left intact because later on Prince Kyanzittha was sent by Anawrahta to assist in the defence of its capital Pegu, then threatened by a Shan attack.
Having generously provided for the families of eight of his palace guards, the Pateikkaya ruler dispatched these men to Pagan in order to avenge his daughter’s killing. Disguised as brahmins, the assassins gained access to the throne room. They approached Narathu with their hands outstretched in benediction, until they were close enough to draw the daggers concealed under their robes and slay the king. Once the mission was accomplished, they killed each other where they stood. The pyramidal Dhammayan temple remains enigmatic, a brooding presence that cannot be ignored today in Pagan.